Nardos, Binyam, PhD

Clinical Interests

Cognitive rehabilitation following stroke

Research Interests

Recovery from stroke often involves having to re-learn (or learn anew) basic motor and cognitive life skills. The dominant hand that enabled one to live their daily lives moving, gripping, holding, touching, and writing, may, due to a single stroke, lose all of those abilities, at least temporarily. Any disability or weakness in that one dominant hand would necessitate a restructuring of the cognitive planning that now has to accommodate new bodily information (e.g. weaker dominant hand) to make possible the execution of so many daily life activities. In such instances, various approaches to providing cognitive training to “the new mind”, so to speak, have been proposed (e.g. mediated learning). Dr. Nardos is interested in investigating the brain-basis of such “cognitive learning, or re-learning”, to work towards the ambitious goal of identifying a “brain signature” of successful cognitive learning approaches to benefit the field of stroke rehabilitation.

Teaching Roles

Dr. Nardos is the course director for Elements of Research Design and Use of Data (M01 614) and provides course support for Neuroscience Principles Supporting Occupational Performance (M01 612).

Education

2018 – 2021: Postdoctoral fellow, Oregon Health & Science University
2016 – 2018: Postdoctoral fellow, Oregon Health & Science University
2016: Postdoctoral fellow, Washington University in St. Louis
2015: PhD in neuroscience, Washington University in St. Louis
2004: BA in economics, Franklin & Marshall College

Background

Dr. Nardos emigrated from his birthplace in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia to attend Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pa., where he earned a bachelor’s degree in economics in 2004. He worked as a research technician in the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University from 2005-2008, then remained at Washington University to attend graduate school in neuroscience as a Chancellor’s Graduate Fellow. His dissertation, defended in 2015, employed a behavioral word learning paradigm, coupled with functional neuroimaging, to examine the neurobiological mechanisms that support learning new words as a young adult.

Dr. Nardos moved to Portland, Ore., in early 2016 where he worked as a postdoc at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) with multiple mentors and on a variety of projects. One such project at OHSU was a collaboration on a multi-site research study that uses an impulse-control-based face perception task and functional MRI techniques to understand how face perception is influenced by race and socioemotional contexts. In another project, Dr. Nardos worked with a team investigating behavioral and brain-based (using functional MRI) underpinnings of chronic pain in veterans that have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). Based on observations that photosensitivity is associated with generalized chronic pain, particularly in the context of a traumatic brain injury, the study tested the hypothesis that heightened photosensitivity could be a window into characterizing potentially altered pain processing in patients with TBI and subsequent chronic pain.

While at OHSU, Dr. Nardos also served as the co-director of the Youth Engaged in Science (YES!) Initiative, a STEM outreach program founded in the Developmental Cognition & Neuroimaging Labs aimed at countering educational and health disparities in underrepresented minority communities. YES! exposes underrepresented minority students to scientific research and related careers in a number of ways including providing extensive multi-year research mentorship on independent research projects, career mentorship panels, as well as, providing opportunities for mentees to educate younger peers and become mentors themselves.

Selected Publications

Rubien-Thomas, E., Berrian, N., Cervera, A., Nardos, B., Cohen, A.O., Lowrey, A., Daumeyer, N., Camp, N.P., Hughes, B.L., Eberhardt, J.L., Fair, D.A., Taylor-Thompson, K.A., Richeson, J.A., & Casey, B.J. (2021). Attentional focus to race is associated with impulsive responses to Black faces: Insights from neuroimaging. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13415-021-00896-8

Vazquez-Trejo, V., Nardos, B., Schlaggar, B. L., Fair, D. A., & Miranda-Dominguez, O. (2020). Use of connectotyping on task fMRI data reveals dynamic network level cross talking during task performance. Human Brain Mapping. (Under review)

Greene, D. J., Church, J. A., Dosenbach, N. U. F., Nielsen, A. N., Adeyemo, B., Nardos, B., Petersen, S. E. P., Black, K. J., & Schlaggar, B. L. (2016). Multivariate pattern classification of Pediatric Tourette Syndrome using functional connectivity MRI. Developmental Science.

Pruett, J.R. Jr., Kandala, S., Hoertel, S., Snyder, A.Z., Elison, J., Nishino, T., Feczko, E., Dosenbach, N.U.F., Nardos, B., Power, J., et al. (2015). Accurate age classification of 6 and 12-month old infants based on resting-state functional connectivity magnetic resonance imaging data. Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience. 12:123-133. PMID: 25704288

Nardos, B. (2015) Behavioral and fMRI-based Characterization of Cognitive Processes Supporting Learning and Retrieval of Memory for Words in Young Adults.  Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 671. https://openscholarship.wustl.edu/art_sci_etds/671/

Nardos, R., Gregory, W.T., Krisky, C., Newell, A., Nardos, B., Schlaggar, B., & Fair, D.A. (2013). Examining mechanisms of brain control of bladder function with resting state functional connectivity MRI. Neurourology and Neurodynamics, 9999:1–9. PMID: 23908139.

Schwedt, T. J., Schlaggar, B. L., Mar, S., Nolan, T., Coalson, R., Nardos, B., Benzinger, T., & Larson-Prior, L. J. (2013). Atypical Resting State Functional Connectivity of Pain Regions in Chronic Migraine. Headache, 53:737-751. PMCID: PMC3637407

Dosenbach, N.U.F., Nardos B., Cohen AL, Fair DA, et al. (2010). Prediction of Individual Brain Maturity Using fMRI. Science, 329: 1358-1361. PMCID: PMC3135376

More

White, D.A., Connor, L.T., Nardos, B., Shimony, J.S., Archer, R., Snyder, A.Z., Moinuddin, A., Grange, D.K., Steiner, R.D., & McKinstry, R.C. (2010). Age-related Decline in the Microstructural Integrity of White Matter in Children with Early- and Continuously-Treated PKU: A DTI Study of the Corpus Callosum. Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, 99: S41–S46. PMCID: PMC3640282.

Araujo, G. C., Christ, S. E., Steiner, R. D., Grange, D. K., Nardos, B., McKinstry, R. C., & White, D. A. (2009). Response Monitoring in Children with Pheylketonuria. Neuropsychology, 23(1): 130-134. PMID: 19210041.

Fair, D.A., Snyder, A.Z., Connor, L.T., Nardos, B., & Corbetta, M. (2009). Task-Evoked Bold Responses are Normal in Areas of Diaschisis after Stroke. Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, 23: 52-57. PMCID: PMC3790660

Awards/Honors

2016-2021: Fellow of the OHSU Fellowship for Diversity in Research (OFDIR), Oregon Health & Science University
2010-2012: Cognitive, Computational, and Systems Neuroscience Fellow, McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience, Washington University in Saint Louis
2008-2015: Chancellor’s Graduate Fellow, Washington University in Saint Louis
2000- 2004: Global Scholar, Franklin & Marshall College

 

Nardos, Binyam

Nardos, Binyam, PhD

Instructor in Occupational Therapy and Neurology

Contact information

binyam.nardos@wustl.edu
Phone: (314) 286-1603
Fax: (314) 286-0631

ORCiD ID

0000-0001-8858-4941

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