Bakhshi, Parul, PhD, DEA (M.Phil)

Research Interests

As a social psychologist, Dr. Bakhshi has worked on various issues linked to international development: disability, life skills education, processes that create vulnerability and definitions of well-being. She is currently working on stigma and social exclusion of destitute groups that impede participation within society. Her work mainly focuses on assessment of programs and international policy in low- and middle-income countries.

Teaching Roles

Dr Bakhshi collaborates on various courses to teach some specific classes that focus on international perspectives of occupational therapy. These include disability and health policies, community-based rehabilitation (CBR) as defined by various International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGO), as well as the various ways of defining and assessing disability in different cultures.


2003: PhD in intercultural social psychology, René Descartes University, Paris V
1998: M.Phil in social psychology (DEA), dual-degree, René Descartes University, Paris V and EHESS, Paris (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales)
1997: MS in social psychology (Maitrise), René Descartes University, Paris V
1996: BS in psychology (license), René Descartes University, Paris V


Dr Bakhshi earned her doctorate from René Descartes University in 2003 in intercultural social psychology, looking specifically at identity of young Indian women and social changes. She then worked as a consultant for the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Paris, where she contributed to the work of the quality education sector and life skills programs. In 2004, she joined an international organization, Handicap International as a researcher and collaborated in the National Disability Survey in Afghanistan (NDSA) that was carried out over a period of two years in all 34 provinces of the country. In 2007, following the end of the NDSA, she became an international consultant and carried out short-term mission for various agencies: United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), World Bank, Save the Children-UK, Australian Aid Agency (AUSAID). She also continued to teach and conduct research as a visiting associate with the Leonard Cheshire Disability and Inclusive Development Centre at University College London, as well as with the University Degli of Florence, Italy. Her work from 2007-2011 has taken her to Egypt, Djibouti in West Africa, India, Italy and Afghanistan. She joined the Program in Occupational Therapy in January 2012.

Selected Publications

Trani Jean Francois, Bakhshi Parul, Nandipati Anand (accepted). Maintaining Inequality. The case of children with disabilities in Afghanistan. Cambridge Journal of Education.

Trani Jean Francois & Bakhshi Parul (accepted) Dimensions of vulnerability and mental health in Afghanistan: A cross sectional survey. Transcultural Psychiatry.

Trani Jean Francois, Kett Maria, Bakhshi Parul and Bailey Nicola (2011). Disability, vulnerability and citizenship: To what extent is education a protective mechanism for children with disabilities in countries affected by conflict? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 15(10): 1187-­–1203.

Trani Jean Francois, Bakhshi Parul, Rolland Cecile (2011) Capabilities, perception of well-­being and development effort: Some evidence from Afghanistan. Oxford Development Studies, 39(4): 403-­–426.

TRANI Jean François, BAKHSHI Parul, BELLANCA NicoloÌ Bellanca, BIGGERI Mario and MARCHETTA Disabilities through the Capability Approach Lens: Implications for Public Policies (submitted), ALTER-­European Journal of Disability Research.

GROCE Nora, BAKHSHI Parul Illiteracy among adults with disabilities in the developing world: a review of literature and a call for action International Journal of Inclusive Education, 15(10): 1153-­1168.

TRANI Jean François, BAKHSHI Parul, MASHKOOR Ashraf, LOPEZ Dominique and NOOR Ayan Ahmed. (2010) Poverty, vulnerability and provision of healthcare in Afghanistan Social Science and Medicine 70: 1745-1755.

TRANI Jean François, BAKHSHI Parul, NOOR Ayan Ahmed., MASHKOOR Ashraf. (2009). Lack of a Will or of a Way? Taking a Capability Approach for Analysing Disability Policy Shortcomings and Ensuring Programme Impact in Afghanistan, European Journal of Development Research, 21(2), 297-­319.

TRANI Jean François, BAKHSHI Parul, (2008). Challenges for assessing disability prevalence: the case of A ALTER-­–European Journal of Disability Research, 2(1): 44-­64.

BAKHSHI Parul, TRANI Jean François,(2007). Household survey: a relevant tool for gathering information on disability Journal for Disability and International Development, 2:13-24.


2007: New School Graduate Program Scholarship for the 2007 International Conference of the Human Development and Capability Association in New York
2005: Handicap International fellowship for the 2005 International Conference of the Human Development and Capability Association in Paris, UNESCO
2004: Handicap International fellowship for the 2004 International Conference of the Human Development and Capability Association, Universita degli studi, Pavia

Bakhshi, Parul

Bakhshi, Parul, PhD, DEA (M.Phil)

Assistant Professor of Occupational Therapy and Surgery

Curriculum Vitae

Contact Information

Phone: (314) 286-2970
Fax: (314) 286-1601


Social Exclusion: International Initiatives and Global Perspectives

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