Smallfield, Stacy, DrOT, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA

Clinical Interests

Dr. Smallfield’s clinical interests include adult physical rehabilitation and gerontology, with previous work in long-term acute care, post-acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, long-term care and ergonomics. She also has non-traditional occupational therapy practice experience as an innovation designer for the largest non-profit provider of older adult care and services in the U.S. She is Board Certified in Gerontology (BCG) through the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA).

Research Interests

Dr. Smallfield’s scholarly activity focuses on issues in gerontology and assistive technology, most recently studying computer tablet training among older adults with and without vision loss. She also studies best practices in teaching and learning, including the use of occupational therapy theory in education and practice.

Teaching Roles

Dr. Smallfield teaches occupational therapy theory, evidence-based practice and occupational therapy assessment.

Education

2007: Doctor of Occupational Therapy (DrOT), Nova Southeastern University
1996: MS in occupational therapy, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Program in Occupational Therapy
1995: BA in psychology, Gustavus Adolphus College

Background

After earning her master’s degree in occupational therapy from the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University in St. Louis in 1996, Dr. Smallfield worked as an occupational therapist in several adult physical rehabilitation and gerontology settings until joining the faculty at the University of South Dakota (USD) in 2003. While there, she taught course content in adult physical rehabilitation, evidence-based practice, occupational therapy theory, therapeutic adaptation, and the environment. In 2007, she earned her doctoral degree in occupational therapy from Nova Southeastern University and since then has published scholarly work on a variety of topics related to gerontology, assistive technology, and other topics. She has collaborated with the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) on a number of systematic reviews and practice guidelines on topics including older adults with low vision, home modifications, Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders, and productive aging. She served in a variety of capacities while at USD including interim associate program director, occupational therapy admissions chairperson, and as a member of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for human subject research. In 2016, she returned to the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University in St. Louis as a member of the faculty and as assistant director of the entry-level doctoral program. Dr. Smallfield has been actively involved professionally, serving as president of the South Dakota Occupational Therapy Association (2010-2012), the editor of the Gerontology Special Interest Section Quarterly (2013-2016), and as a member of the Roster of Accreditation Evaluators for the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education. Dr. Smallfield was named to AOTA’s Roster of Fellows in 2015.

Selected Publications

Smallfield, S., & Kaldenberg, J. (2020). Occupational therapy interventions to improve reading performance of older adults with low vision: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74, 7401185030. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2020.038380

Laposha, I., & Smallfield, S. (2019). Examining the occupational therapy definition of self-care: A scoping review. Occupational Therapy in Health Care. https://doi.org/10.1080/07380577.2019.1703238

Smallfield, S., & Wood, S. (2019). Student Perspectives of the Occupational Therapy Doctoral Experience in an Academic Setting. Journal of Occupational Therapy Education, 3(1). Retrieved from https://encompass.eku.edu/jote/vol3/iss1/8

Smallfield, S., Flanigan, L., & Sherman, A. (2019). Comparing Outcomes of Entry-Level Degrees from One Occupational Therapy Program. Journal of Occupational Therapy Education, 3(1). Retrieved from https://encompass.eku.edu/jote/vol3/iss1/7

Smallfield, S., & Lucas Molitor, W. (2018). Occupational therapy interventions supporting social participation and leisure engagement for community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72, 7204190020. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.030627

Smallfield, S., & Lucas Molitor, W. (2018). Occupational therapy interventions addressing sleep for community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 72, 7204190030. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2018.031211

Smallfield, S. (2017). Guest Editorial—Supporting adults with Alzheimer’s disease and related major neurocognitive disorders and their caregivers: Effective occupational therapy interventions. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, 7105170010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2017.715002

Smallfield, S., & Heckenlaible, C. (2017). Effectiveness of occupational therapy interventions to enhance occupational performance for adults with Alzheimer’s disease and related major neurocognitive disorders: A systematic review. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71, 7105180010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot.2017.024752

Smallfield, S., Berger, S., Hillman, B., Saltsgaber, P., Giger, J., & Kaldenberg, J. (2017). Living with low vision: Strategies supporting daily activity. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1080.07380577.2017.1384969

Kaldenberg, J. & Smallfield, S. (2016). Training older adults with low vision to use a computer tablet: A feasibility study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308022616648172

Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Instructing occupational therapy students in use of theory to guide practice. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 29(2), 165-177. doi:10.3109/07380577.2015.1017787

More

Siebert, C., Smallfield, S., Stark, S. (2014). Occupational therapy practice guidelines for home modifications. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.

Smallfield, S., Clem, K., & Myers, A. (2013). A systematic review of the effectiveness of occupational therapy in improving the reading abilities of older adults with low vision. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, 288-295. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.004929

Kaldenberg, J., & Smallfield, S. (2013). Occupational therapy practice guidelines for older adults with low vision. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.

Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2011). Ikiugu’s eclectic method of combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58, 437–446. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00968.x

Berg, P., Smallfield, S., & Svien, L. (2010, April). An investigation of depression and fatigue outcomes post West Nile Virus infection. South Dakota Medicine, 127-133.

Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2009). Interrater, intra-rater and internal consistency reliability of the theory application assessment instrument. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57, 253-260. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2009.00837.x

Smallfield, S., & Karges, J. (2009). Classification of occupational therapy intervention for inpatient stroke rehabilitation. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63, 408-413.

Ikiugu, M. N., Smallfield, S., & Condit, C. (2009). A framework for combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy practice. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(3), 162-170.

Karges, J., & Smallfield, S. (2009). A description of the outcomes, frequency, duration, and intensity of occupational, physical, and speech therapy in inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Journal of Allied Health. 38(1), 1E-10E.

Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2008). Addressing agricultural issues in health education: An occupational therapy program description. Journal of Rural Health, 24, 369-374.

Smallfield, S., & Lou, J. (2006). The effectiveness of low vision rehabilitation on quality of life: An evidence-based practice approach to answer clinical questions. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 20(2), 17-30.

Book Chapters and Other

Smallfield, S. (2020). Technology and environmental intervention for visual impairment. In L. Gitlow, & K. Flecky (Eds.), Assistive technology and environmental interventions: An integrated approach. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.

Smallfield, S., Elliott, S., & Leland, N. (2019). Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Community Dwelling Older Adults. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.

Smallfield, S., & Berger, S. (2016). Productive aging. In A. Wagenfeld (Ed.), Foundations of theory and practice for the occupational therapy assistant. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.

Somerville, E., Smallfield, S., Stark, S., Siebert, C., Arbesman, M., Lieberman, D. (2016). Evidence Connection - Occupational therapy home modification assessment and intervention. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 70, 7005395010. https://doi.org/10.5014/ajot2016705002

Zellner, K., & Smallfield, S. (2016). Effects of exercise on activities of daily living in people with Alzheimer's disease. SIS Quarterly Practice Connections, 1(3), 18-20.

Siebert, C., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Using the Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Home Modifications [Online Continuing Education]. Bethesda, MD: American Occupational Therapy Association.

Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Theory Application Assessment Instrument: Assessing competency in combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy clinical decision making [Measurement Instrument]. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t43690-000

Holden, E., Landar, V., Howe, B., White, K., Smallfield, S., & Kaldenberg, J. (2015). Bridging technology gaps: Introducing the iPad to older adults with low vision. OT Practice, 20(15), 17-19.

Guariglia, S., & Smallfield, S. (2015). The role of occupational therapy in medication management in acute care. Gerontology Special Interest Section Quarterly, 38(1), 1-3.

Smallfield, S., Haag, B., Poston, A., Giger, J. T., & Anderson, W. D. (2014). Promoting social participation: Teaching technology to older adults. OT Practice, 19(14), 13-16.

Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2012). Using active learning to teach assistive technology. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 22(3), 1-3.

More

Smallfield, S., Benda, L., & Siefkes, M. (2011). The development of an occupation-based first year experience course to enhance participation in occupational therapy. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 21(4), 1-4.

Smallfield, S. (2011). Using service learning to teach office ergonomics. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 21(1), 3-4.

Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2009). Using after-school programming to support health and wellness: A physical activity engagement program description. Early Intervention and School Special Interest Section Quarterly, 16(3), 1-4.

Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2008). Enabling participation in agriculture: An Assistive Technology Case Description. Technology Special Interest Section Quarterly, 18(3), 1-4.

Awards/Honors

2019: Inaugural Fellow, Academy of Educators, Washington University School of Medicine

2017: Research Scholar, Chapter of Pi Theta Epsilon Honor Society, Washington University in St. Louis, Program in Occupational Therapy

2017: Special Interest Section Quarterly Writer’s Award, American Occupational Therapy Association

2017: Keynote Speaker, Western Australia Occupational Therapy Association OT Week

2016: Belbas-Larson Award for Excellence in Teaching Award Nominee, University of South Dakota
2015: Special Interest Section Quarterly Writer’s Award, American Occupational Therapy Association
2015: Roster of Fellows Award, American Occupational Therapy Association
2014: Faculty Research Achievement Award, University of South Dakota School of Health Sciences
2012: Dorothy Anne Elsberry Award of Merit, South Dakota Occupational Therapy Association
2009: Tenure, University of South Dakota

Smallfield, Stacy

Smallfield, Stacy, DrOT, OTR/L, BCG, FAOTA

Associate Professor of Occupational Therapy and Medicine
Assistant Director of Entry-Level Professional Programs

Curriculum Vitae

Contact Information

Phone: (314) 286-1109
Fax: (314) 286-1601
stacy.smallfield@wustl.edu

Scholarship

Innovations in Education

Ranked as the Number Three OT Program in the Nation

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