Dr. Smallfield’s clinical interests include adult physical rehabilitation and gerontology, with previous work in long-term acute care, post-acute care, inpatient rehabilitation, long-term care and ergonomics. She also has non-traditional occupational therapy practice experience as an innovation designer for the largest non-profit provider of older adult care and services in the U.S. She is Board Certified in Gerontology (BCG) through the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA).
Dr. Smallfield’s scholarly activity focuses on issues in gerontology and assistive technology, most recently studying computer tablet training among older adults with and without vision loss. She also studies best practices in teaching and learning, including the use of occupational therapy theory in education and practice.
Dr. Smallfield teaches occupational therapy theory, evidence-based practice and occupational therapy assessment.
2007: Doctor of Occupational Therapy (DrOT), Nova Southeastern University
1996: MS in occupational therapy, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, Program in Occupational Therapy
1995: BA in psychology, Gustavus Adolphus College
After earning her master’s degree in occupational therapy from the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University in St. Louis in 1996, Dr. Smallfield worked as an occupational therapist in several adult physical rehabilitation and gerontology settings until joining the faculty at the University of South Dakota (USD) in 2003. While there, she taught course content in adult physical rehabilitation, evidence-based practice, occupational therapy theory, therapeutic adaptation, and the environment. In 2007, she earned her doctoral degree in occupational therapy from Nova Southeastern University and since then has published scholarly work on a variety of topics related to gerontology, assistive technology, and other topics. She has collaborated with the American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) on a number of systematic reviews and practice guidelines on topics including older adults with low vision, home modifications, Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders, and productive aging. She served in a variety of capacities while at USD including interim associate program director, occupational therapy admissions chairperson, and as a member of the Institutional Review Board (IRB) for human subject research. In 2016, she returned to the Program in Occupational Therapy at Washington University in St. Louis as a member of the faculty and as assistant director of the entry-level doctoral program. Dr. Smallfield has been actively involved professionally, serving as president of the South Dakota Occupational Therapy Association (2010-2012), the editor of the Gerontology Special Interest Section Quarterly (2013-2016), and as a member of the Roster of Accreditation Evaluators for the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education. Dr. Smallfield was named to AOTA’s Roster of Fellows in 2015.
Kaldenberg, J. & Smallfield, S. (2016). Training older adults with low vision to use a computer tablet: A feasibility study. British Journal of Occupational Therapy. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308022616648172
Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Instructing occupational therapy students in use of theory to guide practice. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 29(2), 165-177. doi:10.3109/07380577.2015.1017787
Siebert, C., Smallfield, S., Stark, S. (2014). Occupational therapy practice guidelines for home modifications. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.
Smallfield, S., Clem, K., & Myers, A. (2013). A systematic review of the effectiveness of occupational therapy in improving the reading abilities of older adults with low vision. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67, 288-295. doi: 10.5014/ajot.2013.004929
Kaldenberg, J., & Smallfield, S. (2013). Occupational therapy practice guidelines for older adults with low vision. Bethesda, MD: AOTA Press.
Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2011). Ikiugu’s eclectic method of combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 58, 437–446. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2011.00968.x
Berg, P., Smallfield, S., & Svien, L. (2010, April). An investigation of depression and fatigue outcomes post West Nile Virus infection. South Dakota Medicine, 127-133.
Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2009). Interrater, intra-rater and internal consistency reliability of the theory application assessment instrument. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 57, 253-260. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.2009.00837.x
Smallfield, S., & Karges, J. (2009). Classification of occupational therapy intervention for inpatient stroke rehabilitation. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63, 408-413.
Ikiugu, M. N., Smallfield, S., & Condit, C. (2009). A framework for combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy practice. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 76(3), 162-170.
Karges, J., & Smallfield, S. (2009). A description of the outcomes, frequency, duration, and intensity of occupational, physical, and speech therapy in inpatient stroke rehabilitation. Journal of Allied Health. 38(1), 1E-10E.
Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2008). Addressing agricultural issues in health education: An occupational therapy program description. Journal of Rural Health, 24, 369-374.
Smallfield, S., & Lou, J. (2006). The effectiveness of low vision rehabilitation on quality of life: An evidence-based practice approach to answer clinical questions. Occupational Therapy in Health Care, 20(2), 17-30.
Smallfield, S., & Berger, S. (2016). Productive aging. In A. Wagenfeld (Ed.), Foundations of theory and practice for the occupational therapy assistant. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.
Smallfield, S. (in press). Technology and environmental intervention for visual impairment. In L. Gitlow, & K. Flecky (Eds.), Assistive technology and environmental interventions: An integrated approach. Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.
Somerville, E., Smallfield, S., Seibert, C., Arbesman, M., Lieberman, D. (in press). Occupational Therapy Home Modification Assessment and Intervention. American Journal of Occupational Therapy.
Zellner, K., & Smallfield, S. (2016). Effects of exercise on activities of daily living in people with Alzheimer's disease. SIS Quarterly Practice Connections, 1(3), 18-20.
Siebert, C., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Using the Occupational Therapy Practice Guidelines for Home Modifications [Online Continuing Education]. Bethesda, MD: American Occupational Therapy Association.
Ikiugu, M., & Smallfield, S. (2015). Theory Application Assessment Instrument: Assessing competency in combining theoretical conceptual practice models in occupational therapy clinical decision making [Measurement Instrument]. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/t43690-000
Holden, E., Landar, V., Howe, B., White, K., Smallfield, S., & Kaldenberg, J. (2015). Bridging technology gaps: Introducing the iPad to older adults with low vision. OT Practice, 20(15), 17-19.
Guariglia, S., & Smallfield, S. (2015). The role of occupational therapy in medication management in acute care. Gerontology Special Interest Section Quarterly, 38(1), 1-3.
Smallfield, S., Haag, B., Poston, A., Giger, J. T., & Anderson, W. D. (2014). Promoting social participation: Teaching technology to older adults. OT Practice, 19(14), 13-16.
Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2012). Using active learning to teach assistive technology. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 22(3), 1-3.
Smallfield, S., Benda, L., & Siefkes, M. (2011). The development of an occupation-based first year experience course to enhance participation in occupational therapy. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 21(4), 1-4.
Smallfield, S. (2011). Using service learning to teach office ergonomics. Education Special Interest Section Quarterly, 21(1), 3-4.
Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2009). Using after-school programming to support health and wellness: A physical activity engagement program description. Early Intervention and School Special Interest Section Quarterly, 16(3), 1-4.
Smallfield, S., & Anderson, A. J. (2008). Enabling participation in agriculture: An Assistive Technology Case Description. Technology Special Interest Section Quarterly, 18(3), 1-4.
2016: Belbas-Larson Award for Excellence in Teaching Award Nominee, University of South Dakota
2015: Special Interest Section Quarterly Writer’s Award, American Occupational Therapy Association
2015: Roster of Fellows Award, American Occupational Therapy Association
2014: Faculty Research Achievement Award, University of South Dakota School of Health Sciences
2012: Dorothy Anne Elsberry Award of Merit, South Dakota Occupational Therapy Association
2009: Tenure, University of South Dakota
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